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Category, LAN and Premise Network Cable

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Category, LAN and Premise Network Cable

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    Sycor Part No AWGMax transmission speedMax BandwidthDifferent Applications
    Cat 3 2410Mbps16 MHzToken ring & 10Base-T
    Cat 5/5e 241,000 Mpbs/ 1 Gbps100 MHzGigabit Ethernet & Token ring
    Cat 6/6e 231,000 Mpbs/ 1 Gbps250MHzGigabit Ethernet
    Cat 6a 2310,000 Mpbs / 10Gbps500 MHzVideo & HDBase-T

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    *Other gauge sizes may be available
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    Category, LAN and Premise Network CableCategory, LAN and Premise Network Cable 

    Description - Category, LAN & Network Cable:

    Category cable or more commonly referred to as CAT cable was set in place by the Electronics Industries Alliance (EIA) and is now maintained by the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA). In 1991 these industries worked to define the elements of balanced twisted pair cable, fiber optic cabling, and coaxial cabling and associated connectors.


    For Category cable, the EIA and TIA have sectioned these cabling products into 6 different categories named CAT 1 – CAT 6. Here at Sycor we can supply multiple different categories’ and offer a range of customizable value-added services.


    Category 1 cables are a 2 pair copper conductor, designed for POTS (plain old telephone systems). Have 1MHz bandwidth, the Cat 1’s are most commonly used for telecommunication cables, but are incapable of carrying data, because of its restricted bandwidth. Cat 1 cables used to be the most common telecommunications cable and were once found in almost every office and home.


    Category 2 cables consist of 4 twisted pair conductors. Having double the conductors of Cat 1, the Cat 2 has an increased bandwidth of 4 Mbps, which is why this cable is typically used for teletype and fax communications. Cat 1 & 2 are name variations of level 1 and level 2 cables, while neither are defined under the TIA 568-C standard.


    Category 3 cables are commonly known as station wire, which is an unshielded twisted pair cable designed to carry data for 10 Mbps. This cable was used in the early 1990s for computer networking in a system called a Token Ring. Defined under TIA 568-C, this station wire is still used as telephone wiring today.


    Category 4 cables are another step up from Cat 3, offering 16 Mbps of bandwidth. The Cat 4 is commonly used in the Token Ring and early 10Base-T networks.


    Category 5 cables are a UTP networking cable and are also known as the Cat5e cable. The Cat5e offers better crosswalk than the previous Cat 5 but still offers the same 100MHz bandwidth. The Cat 5e is used within structured cabling for computer networks such as 10Base-t, 100Base-T, 100Base-TX (Fast Ethernet), and 1000Base-T networks and for many A/V and telephone applications.

    Category 6 standardized cable has Gigabit Ethernet and other physical network layers that is backward compatible with the Category 5/5e and Category 3 cable standards. Having much higher specifications for crosstalk, system noise and providing 250 MHz of bandwidth, is why this cable is typically used on 1000Base-T (Gigabit Ethernet) and 10GBase-T (10-Gigabit Ethernet). There is also the Cat 6a which is an augmented standard with bandwidth up to 500MHz.

    Construction - Category, LAN & Network Cable:            

    Cat 5 Standard 24 awg solid or stranded bare copper conductors                              
    Cat 6 Standard 23 awg solid or stranded  bare copper conductors
    (other gauge sizes may be available)
    Insulation materials vary:
    Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polyolefin (PO), Flouroethylene Propylene (FEP), Polyethylene (PE)
    Conductors are cabled (twisted) in 4 pairs
    Available with or without shielding for individual pairs or overall
    Low Smoke, flame retardant Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) jacket
    ** Different colour jackets available
    *** Plenum rated available


    Approvals - Category, LAN & Network Cable:

    ANSI/TIA/EIA 568.2
    ISO/IEC 11801
    UL Std 44 UL 70,000 BTU
    CSA Std 22.2 FT-4


    Application - Category, LAN & Network Cable:

    For structured cabling use in wiring computer networks, data centers, telephony and video.


    Temperature Rating - Category, LAN & Network Cable:

    Cat 5/5e                 -2°C to 60°C
    Cat 6/6e/6a           -20°C to 60°C

    Colour options available for - Category, LAN & Network Cable:  

    Black Colour 0Red Colour 2Yellow Colour 4Green Colour 5Blue Colour 6Grey Colour 8White Colour 9

    Conductor Color Selection
    Blue  X  Blue/White
    Orange  X  Orange/White
    Green  X  Green/White
    Brown  X  Brown/White


    Value-Added Services available for - Category, LAN & Network Cable:

    Resppol VASCut & Strip VASTerminate VAS

    ROHS stand compliant


    All specifications are provided for reference only. Specifications will vary between manufacturers and are subject to change without notice. Be sure to check with your sales rep for the most accurate and up to date information when ordering.