Ever since the caveman invented fire, the desire to create light has never faded. Even today with 8 billion people on the planet light is constantly a desired necessity.

Over the years lighting has changed drastically from candles in the Stone Age, to oil lamps in the 18th century, to today where wire and cable lighting fixtures are everywhere. The evolution of the light has been slow, but one of the most important discoveries to date.

 

Evolution of Wire Lighting

With the evolution of electricity in the late 18th century, by Thomas Alva Edison, lighting quickly switched to wire and cable lighting fixtures. This was basically the lighting revolution, as the next century quickly saw wire and cable lighting prevalent in buildings, cars, planes, boats and thousands of other unbelievable inventions.

Wire and cable lighting today is the same concept it was with Edison, which is transferring a controlled flow of electricity from a power source, through a wire or cable to a specific lighting fixture. Over the years different technologies that have been adapted (energy conscious designs), that has overall made lighting more readily available.

From discovering fire thousands of years ago to producing so much light around the world that you can see it from the space station. From basic insulated wiring to very detailed measurements that change depending on the application at hand. As wiring has evolved over the years, so has the lighting fixtures it supplies and only because of these simultaneous changes are societies around the world able to produce and supply as much light as they do today.

Lighting from wire seen from space

  

Popular Lighting Wire and Cable

Lighting Wire: Power Cord’s

Some of the most popular types of lighting wire available are the different types of power cables or power cords. Power cords can be used in overhead, exposed, or even in direct-burial applications. They're a popular choice for applications in the electric utility, industrial, and commercial markets.

  

Portable & Power Cord Breakdown

-                S = Extra hard service (rated for 600V)

-                J = Junior (hard) service (rated for 300V)

-                V = Vacuum cord (rated for 300V)

-                P = Parallel cord

-                E = Elastomer jacket (UL or NEC only)

-                T = Thermoplastic jacket

-                O = Oil resistant outer jacket

-                OO = Oil-resistant outer jacket and inner insulation

-                W = Weather and water-resistant  - outdoor rated (note: this is NOT the same as Type W, another kind of portable cord)

Being most popular in the SOOW and SOW (SOW-A) constructions. The list above highlights what each letter means in the different types of power cord constructions. With lighting being essential in every single market, the different power cord constructions allow for more of a variety when selecting a specific wiring solution.

 Lighting Wire as a Power Cord

 

Lighting Wire: Hook-Up Wire & Building Wire

Hook-up wire and building wire are 2 more popular wiring categories that have a number of different types of approvals and wiring constructions.

Hook-Up Lighting Wire

Building Lighting Wire

TEWTinned or Bare Copper
UL1015, UL1028, UL1283, UL1284
105°C, 600V
PVC Insulation

UL TFFN Wire
90°C,  600V
PVC Insulation & Nylon Jacket

TR64 - UL1007, UL1569, UL1581
300V, 80°C or 105°C
PVC Insulation

T90 Wire or UL THHN
90°C, 600V or 1000V
PVC Insulation & Nylon Jacket

REW Wire UL1431
105°C, 600V
PVC Insulation

RW90 Wire
90°C, 600V or 1000V
XLPE Insulation

CL1251 - UL3173, UL3195, UL3196
600V, 125°C
XLPE Insulation

* Many More

   

Hook-up and building wires are more general-purpose wires that are perfect for cost-effective solutions when applications aren't subject to harsh environments. Being general-purpose wiring allows these cables to be used in a much larger selection of applications in a number of different markets.

  

Lighting Wire Terminations

Lighting wire can have a number of different constructions depending on what your application demands. Be it the simplest application or the most difficult, lighting wire has 1 consistency, which is Ring Terminals. Ring terminals are the most popular type of way to connect a power source to a lighting fixture. Ring terminals are very quick and cost-effective terminations that make most applications extremely efficient during setup and maintenance.

Types of Ring Terminals

-                Non-Insulated Ring Terminals

-                Vinyl Ring Terminals

-                Nylon Ring Terminals

-                Heat-Shrink Ring Terminals

-                High-Temperature Ring Terminals

Wire lighting Ring Terminals lighting wire ring terminal

   

Colour Codes of Lighting Wire

Similar to other applications, when dealing with lighting wire and cable there are a number of NEC requirements that must be followed as a type of safety regulation.

Function

Label

Colour, Common

Positive Ground

PG

Green or Green/Yellow

Neutral

N

White

Line, Single Phase

L

Black or Red (2nd hot)

Line, 3-Phase

L1

Red

Line, 3-Phase

L2

Black

Line, 3-Phase

L3

Blue

   

Sycor distributes extremely durable stage lighting cables that are designed to withstand severe environmental conditions. Our stage lighting cables are not only water and sunlight resistant, but they're also able to withstand exposure to oils, alkalis, acids, heat, flames, moisture, and chemicals as well. The stage lighting cables we distribute are available in an array of sizes and conductor configurations, making Sycor Technology the place to go for all your specialty lighting needs.

Lighting wire and cable come in a number of different constructions and be used in vastly different applications in a number of markets. If you have any questions about which high-temperature wire your application calls for, feel free to reach out to one of our wiring experts for any help you may need.

  

  

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